Vitamin C serum benefits for skin

What are vitamin C serum benefits for skin?

Vitamin C serum is a basic component in many skincare products. This is because it has a lot of cosmeceutical properties. And there are a lot of vitamin C serum benefits for skin such as,

  • Skin whitening
  • Reducing the hyperpigmentation
  • Providing an even skin tone
  • Providing sun protection (from UV rays)
  • Reducing wrinkles in the face
  • A key factor in collagen synthesis
  • Fastens the wound healing
  • Antioxidant action
  • Treatment for acne and acne scars
  • Reducing dark spots in the face
  • Soothes the skin
  • Enhances skin elasticity
  • Acts as an anti-aging agent
  • Supplies nutrition to the skin
  • Prevents skin sagging

The list goes on. To give these benefits, vitamin C has a lot of pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical properties. There are other ingredients that are added to enhance the vitamin C serum benefits for skin. But some of those ingredients can be irritating or allergic to some skin types. Vitamin C can be allergic itself depending on the skin type. But the side effects are generally low when comparing with its benefits.

Vitamin C serum is almost pure vitamin C. But also it can give some side effects after prolonged application. There are some cautions for vitamin C serum administration. But vitamin C benefits outweigh the adverse effects. Therefore, it is widely used in pharmaceutical products.

Vitamin C serum properties

Serum is the purest form of vitamin c that you can obtain. It is also known as ascorbic acid. Usually, vitamin C serum is included in several dosage forms. And they are administered through different routes such as,

  • Oral route
  • Intramuscular route
  • Intravenous (IV) route
  • Subcutaneous route

In many countries, vitamin C is dispensed as an OTC product. Even in the USA vitamin c is dispensed as an OTC product as well as a dietary supplement.

Pharmacokinetic properties of vitamin C

After administration, the drug is readily absorbed as it is water-soluble. And also it has a high bioavailability. It has a very low plasma protein binding capacity, making it more convenient to be absorbed into the blood.

Then it involves many of the metabolic activities in the body. It acts as a coenzyme in some of the enzymatic reactions.

The elimination of vitamin C occurs in the kidneys. And its half-life depends on the plasma concentration of vitamin c.

Chemical properties of vitamin c

Vitamin or ascorbate has a structural formula of C6H8O6. Its molar mass is 176.124g/mol. Its density is found as 1.694g/cm3. The melting point of vitamin C is between 190C to 192C. And its boiling point is 552.7C.

Pharmacodynamic properties of vitamin C

Vitamin C is involved in numerous vital functions of the body. It acts as an enzyme substrate, a cofactor, and an electron donor. Also, ascorbate is a key factor in collagen synthesis. also in carnitine synthesis vitamin C is involved.

It helps in the metabolism of neurotransmitters such as tyrosine. Vitamin C has antioxidant properties. Therefore, it acts as a reducing agent by donating electrons to keep Fe and Cu atoms reduced for several enzymatic reactions.

How to store vitamin C serum?

Vitamin C serum is photo sensitive. Therefore, it should be stored in dark amber colour bottles. And it should be kept away from direct sunlight. The container should be sealed and airtight for a prolonged effective usage.

Vitamin C serum benefits for skin whitening

There is a pharmacological action of vitamin C in the case of skin whitening. As it is an antioxidant, it tries to reduce the free radicals accumulated in the skin pores.

 How can free radicals accumulate in the pores? It’s another story. When our skin is exposed to UV rays, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are formed in our skin. And these ROS are free radicals.

These radicals create oxidative stress which stimulates melanocytes to secrete more pigments. This is hyperpigmentation. What vitamin C does is, prevents the oxidative stress of ROS as a reducing agent. This prevents hyperpigmentation.

And also vitamin C cures the destruction caused by the free radicals to the skin. After all the skin whitening quality is obtained by vitamin C. This is why vitamin C serum benefits skin whitening.

There are a few vitamin C serum products in different brands in the market for skin whitening. Some of these products have some other components to enhance the activity.

Ex:

SkinCeuticals C E Ferulic 4 to5 drops once per day dry, normal and sensitive skin
   
TruSkin Naturals vitamin c serum 3 to 5 drops once daily all skin types
Paula’s choice c15 super booster 2 to 3 drops once daily all skin types
BeautyStat Universal C skin Refiner twice per day all skin types

Vitamin C serum benefits for skin wound healing

Why does it take long to heal your wounds? This is because your collagen synthesis is slow and your stratum corneum is thin. Vitamin C is a key factor in collagen synthesis. Therefore, it boosts up the collagen formation in the skin and fastens the wound healing.

This property of vitamin C not only helps wound healing but also it fastens the cure of acne scars and photodamaged skin.

The chemical basis of this property is that vitamin C is the cofactor for prolyl hydroxylase and lysyl hydroxylase.

What are these enzymes though? They are the enzymes that catalyze the hydroxylation of proline and lysine residues of procollagen. This catalyzation helps the transformation of procollagen to collagen by making a triple helix conformation of collagen.

Vitamin C serum benefits for skin that is oily

Vitamin C has antioxidant properties which can treat the acne scars and inflammations caused by the oily skin conditions. Therefore, if your skin is oily use vitamin C instead of vitamin E.

Even though vitamin E has antioxidant actions, it has oily properties. This can enhance the oiliness of your skin and cause irritation.

But vitamin C is not oily because it is a water soluble vitamin. Therefore, it helps to cure the skin inflammations faster.

Vitamin C serum benefits for skin sagging

As mentioned above vitamin C boots up the collagen formation of the skin. This improves the skin firming and prevents skin sagging. It provides the skin with good elasticity as well.

This property is one of the main reasons where vitamin C is considered as an anti-aging agent. It helps to reduce wrinkles and provides you a more youthful face. And also it is recognized as fastening the stretchmarks in the skin postpartum.

Some of the vitamin C serum products used to treat skin sagging are,

  • Drunk Elephant C firma Day serum
  • The ordinary vitamin C suspension 23% + HA spheres 2%
  • Mad Hippie vitamin C serum
  • Dr Dennis Gross C+ collagen brighten & Firm serum

Vitamin C serum benefits for skin Nutrition

Vitamin C protects the skin by protein damage and boosting the collagen synthesis. Therefore, it plays a key role in the skin defense system. Also vitamin C acts as an antioxidant which is another barrier for skin damage. Therefore, it enhances the blood supply to the skin. The proper blood supply brings the nutrients into the skin cells while carrying away the waste matter. This can repair the damaged cells back to normal. And also with the proper nutrition the skin aging is reduced and the freshness is preserved.

Therefore, vitamin C is a major component in skin health.

Vitamin c serum benefits for skin: side effects

As vitamin C outweighs its benefits over risk factors, it is widely used for cosmetic purposes. But it does have side effects too. Because ascorbic acid is a weak organic acid, it can cause irritations.

You can self-diagnose if you are allergic to vitamin C since young age. When you administer citrusy fruits and vegetables you have to sense the weird body reactions against it. If you identify that your body is allergic to it think twice before applying vitamin C products on your skin. These allergic conditions aren’t common.

But in a rare chance one can get the adverse reactions from it.

Among the common side effects observed,

  • Itching
  • Redness
  • Skin irritation
  • Burning sensation
  • Swelling
  • Headache
  • Faintish
  • Severe adverse effects such as Vomiting, Nausea, dyspnea, diarrhea, hypotension and shock can also be occurred depending on the conditions of the body. But it is not common.
  • Oxalate nephropathy is reported for prolonged administration of vitamin C in high doses

For the patients who have congenital glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, have been diagnosed for hemolysis after the use of ascorbic acid.

What are the proper doses for vitamin C serum?

  • There are different doses recommended for adults, kids and specially for pregnant and lactating women.
  • The normal adult male dose of vitamin C serum is 90mg/ per day.
  • The normal adult female dose of vitamin C serum is 75mg/ per day.
  • For pregnant women it is recommended as around 85mg/per day. But if the mother is below 18 years old, the dose is 80mg/ per day.
  • For lactating women, it is 120mg/per day. But if the mother is below 18 years old, the dose is 115 mg/per day.

If you apply it on skin exceeding the recommended dosage, it can be irritating for your skin. Usually in every product, the manufacturer should indicate the recommended dose. Or else if you are getting vitamin C serum capsules, you can consult a doctor, a pharmacist or a nurse about the proper dosage.

Vitamin C serum cautions

If someone has urinary tract impairments, they are recommended to consult a physician before applying vitamin C. And also if you are pregnant, lactating or having some other chronic disease condition you better consult a doctor before taking vitamin C serum.

Vitamin C serum is contraindicated for the patients who are hypersensitive to it.

What precautions should you take if you notice any side effects?

First before you apply see whether you are allergic to it by applying it to a small area. Can I apply vitamin C serum overnight? Yes, the products that are recommended to apply once a day are mostly taught to apply before bed for a better action.

So if it’s your first time, apply it in a small area and leave it overnight. If you are fine the next morning, you can continue to use it.

But in case you have developed allergic conditions, you need to stop applying it.

 What are the steps I have to follow in vitamin C adverse reactions?

First wash off the serum thoroughly out of your skin. Prevent applying any product that contains vitamin C in them.

If the irritation persists, you have to consult a skin specialist for further treatments.

Also if you have chronic or acute nephropathy, you have to check your renal function while taking the vitamin C serum. Make sure you take the vitamin C serum under a doctor’s monitoring.

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